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UCAT Abstract Reasoning

What is UCAT Abstract Reasoning?

UCAT Abstract Reasoning assesses your spatial awareness, ability to recognise patterns in abstract shapes and ability to critically evaluate. In this section of this UCAT, you will be presented with sets of shapes and asked to identify recurring patterns or themes.

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Why is Abstract Reasoning assessed?

As a doctor, you will often be presented with patient information such as illness symptoms or test results – and some data may be clearer than other pieces of data.

You will need to evaluate and identify patterns in the information you are given to generate hypotheses about a patient’s condition, therefore the skills assessed in Abstract Reasoning are essential to a career in medicine.

What is the UCAT Abstract Reasoning Format?

This is the format of UCAT Abstract Reasoning:

FormatAbstract Reasoning
Questions 55
Timing13 minutes
Question typeMultiple choice

In Abstract Reasoning, there are four main question types:

  1. Type 1 Questions: after being presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”, you will need to identify if a test shape belongs to Set A, Set B, or Neither.
  2. Type 2 Questions: you will be asked to select the next shape in the series.
  3. Type 3 Questions: you will be presented with a statement, involving a group of shapes. You will be asked which shape completes the statement.
  4. Type 4 Questions: you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be asked to select which of the four shapes belongs to either Set A or Set B.

Not sure how to tackle these kinds of questions? You can find thousands of practice questions on our UCAT Question Bank.

How does UCAT Abstract Reasoning Compare to UMAT?

Out of all the UCAT sections, UCAT Abstract Reasoning is the most similar to one section of the UMAT, ‘Non-Verbal Reasoning’.

UMAT to UCAT Abstract Reasoning: Similarities

Want to know more about the difference between the UMAT and UCAT? Read our UMAT to UCAT page to see key differences here.

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